(Please note in the above photograph there is a spelling error- Pointillism not ‘Pointilissim’, it has since been corrected)
Losing yourself in the arts…
What beauty the world of art can bring us, dating all the way back thousands of years art has been created and further more- appreciated. Our kids have had the opportunity for the last couple of years to be part of the young artist program taught at our local Station Arts every winter. Each class is an hour and a half long where they explore a different technique and style each week. They also briefly discuss the most well known artists for each art movement in his/her time.
All the students work was beautifully displayed over the last month at the Station Arts. Recently we were able to bring home their cherished art. We then went to work displaying it in our own home- in the room where we play and do school work.
We then went a little deeper and researched impressionism along with the most famous artists during this time-
“A French 19th century art movement which marked a momentous break from tradition in European painting. The Impressionists incorporated new scientific research into the physics of colour to achieve a more exact representation of colour and tone.
The sudden change in the look of these paintings was brought about by a change in methodology: applying paint in small touches of pure colour rather than broader strokes, and painting out of doors to catch a particular fleeting impression of colour and light. The result was to emphasise the artist’s perception of the subject matter as much as the subject itself.
Impressionist art is a style in which the artist captures the image of an object as someone would see it if they just caught a glimpse of it. They paint the pictures with a lot of color and most of their pictures are outdoor scenes. Their pictures are very bright and vibrant. The artists like to capture their images without detail but with bold colors. Some of the greatest impressionist artists were Edouard Manet, Camille Pissaro, Edgar Degas, Alfred Sisley, Claude Monet, Berthe Morisot and Pierre Auguste Renoir.
Manet influenced the development of impressionism. He painted everyday objects. Pissaro and Sisley painted the French countryside and river scenes. Degas enjoyed painting ballet dancers and horse races. Morisot painted women doing everyday things. Renoir loved to show the effect of sunlight on flowers and figures. Monet was interested in subtle changes in the atmosphere.
While the term Impressionist covers much of the art of this time, there were smaller movements within it, such as Pointillism, Art Nouveau and Fauvism.”
The next art technique they studied and tried was Pointillism
“Key Dates: 1890-1900
This movement developed from Impressionism and involved the use of many small dots of colour to give a painting a greater sense of vibrancy when seen from a distance. The equal size dots never quite merge in the viewer’s perception resulting in a shimmering effect like one experiences on a hot and sunny day. One of the leading exponents was Seurat to whom the term was first applied in regard to his painting ‘La Grand Jette’ (1886).
Seurat was part of the Neo-Impressionist movement which included Camille Pissarro, Paul Gauguin, Henri Matisse, Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec and Paul Signac. The word Divisionism describes the theory they followed while the actual process was known as pointillism.The effects of this technique, if used well, were often far more striking than the conventional approach of mixing colours together.”
Followed by Cubism (which we displayed together with their Surrealism work, which is next to come)
Key Dates: 1908-1914
The Cubist art movement began in Paris around 1907. Led by Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque, the Cubists broke from centuries of tradition in their painting by rejecting the single viewpoint. Instead they used an analytical system in which three-dimensional subjects were fragmented and redefined from several different points of view simultaneously.
The movement was conceived as ‘a new way of representing the world’, and assimilated outside influences, such as African art, as well as new theories on the nature of reality, such as Einstein’s Theory of Relativity.
Cubism is often divided into two phases – the Analytic phase (1907-12), and the Synthetic phase (1913 through the 1920s). The initial phase attempted to show objects as the mind, not the eye, perceives them.
The Synthetic phase featured works that were composed of fewer and simpler forms, in brighter colours. Other major exponents of Cubism included Robert Delaunay, Francis Picabia, Jean Metzinger, Marcel Duchamp and Fernand Léger.
Onto Surrealism (which was pictured in the middle of the cubism display)
As you can see- Surrealism looks exactly how it sounds- surreal. Dreams and reality blurring together. Some more information we found on Surrealism-
“Key Dates: 1920-1930
A literary and art movement, dedicated to expressing the imagination as revealed in dreams, free of the conscious control of reason and convention. Surrealism inherited its anti-rationalist sensibility from Dada, but was lighter in spirit than that movement. Like Dada, it was shaped by emerging theories on our perception of reality, the most obvious influence being Freud’s model of the subconscious.
Founded in Paris in 1924 by André Breton with his Manifesto of Surrealism, the movement’s principal aim was ‘to resolve the previously contradictory conditions of dream and reality into an absolute reality, a super-reality’. Its roots can be traced back to French poets such as Arthur Rimbaud, Charles Baudelaire and Lautreamont, the latter providing the famous line that summed up the Surrealists’ love of the incongruous; “Beautiful as the chance encounter of a sewing machine and an umbrella on a dissecting table.”
They also explored Realism, which unfortunately we were unable to bring home due to how it was displayed (A mural of all the students work filled a 20 foot wall!). I hope you have had fun brushing up on your art history, as I myself have! We now have our very own art gallery in our home. It is a great enrichment in our homeschooling journey, until next time-
But now, O Lord, you are our Father; we are the clay, and you are our potter; we are all the work of your hand.
All information was taken from the art movements website which can be found here- http://www.artmovements.co.uk/home.htm